Aditya Hrudayam is a devotional hymn composed on Hindu God Surya.
Among several divine stotrams composed on Lord Surya, Aditya Hrudayam stotram is considered as most popular one.
The lyrics of this stotram have an indepth meaning.
While chanting the Aditya hrudayam lyrics, a devotee comes across various names of the Lord Surya that praise his glory and divine attributes.
Understanding the inner meaning of these divine names can help the devotee to feel their connection in the adobe of God.
Apart from that, Aditya Hrudayam meaning describes the various divine aspects of Sun God and how he sheds light on our lives bestowing good health, courage, and warding off the darkness.
It is said that Great Sage Agasthya himself had preached this powerful stotram to Lord Rama to uplift him from the deep thoughts of sorrow during his war with Ravana. Which further helped Lord Rama to defeat the mighty Ravana.
The phalastuti part of this stotram explains the benefits of reciting this divine hymn.
Aditya Hrudayam Lyrics and Meaning
Tatho yuddha parisrantham samare chinthaya sthitham
Ravanam chagratho drusthva yuddhaya samupasthitham (1)
After getting exhausted in the battle and on seeing Ravana, who was duly prepared and reached the battle ground
Rama stood in the war with a deep thought
Daivataischa samagamya drashtama bhagyatho ranam
Upagamyaa bravidramam Agasthyo bhagavan rushihi (2)
(Seeing this) Bhagavan Sage Agastya, who came along with the Gods to see the battle
Approached Rama and spoke to him.
Rama Rama mahabaaho srunu guhyam sanatanam
Yena sarva nareen vastsaha samara vijayishyasi (3)
Rama, O Rama, the elegant one with great shoulders, listen to this eternal secret
By which, you, my child, can be victorious on all your enemies in the war
Aditya hrudayam punyam sarva shatru vinasanam
Jayavaham japennithyam akshayam paramam Shivam (4)
This holy Aditya hrudayam can destroy all the enemies and
By chanting this stotram daily can bring victory to you all the time without much effort and gives you unending felicity
Sarva mangala mangalyam sarvapapa pranaashanam
Chintha soka prasamanam ayurvardhanam uttamam (5)
This holy hymn is always auspicious, brings prosperity, destroys all the sins
Which can alleviate worry and sorrows, bestows wellbeing and longevity, a superior one (among the stotras)
Rasmi-mantam samudyantham Devaasura namaskrutham
Pujayasva vivaswantham Bhaskaram bhuvaneshwaram (6)
This hymn is on the one, who raises up with glorious rays, who is bowed both by the Gods and demons
You worship him, the one who can cover the tejas of other, The Lord Bhaskara, The giver of the light to the Lokas
Sarvadevatmako hyesha Tejaswi rasmi bhavanaha
Esha devaasuraganan lokan pati gabasthibhihi (7)
The one who is the embodied form of all the Devas, the self-luminous, who energizes all the beings with his rays
Who can protects the Deva and Asura ganas of all the Lokas with his rays
Esha Brahma cha Vishnvascha Shivaha Skandaha Prajapathihi
Mahendro Dhanadaha Kaalo Yamaha Somo Hyapampathihi (8)
The one who himself is the essence of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Skanda(Kumara- son of God Shiva), Prajapathi (Lord of born beings)
Mahendra (King of the Devas), Kubera (Dhanadaha, In charge of the wealth), Kala (eternal time), Yama (the Lord of death), Chandra (Soma, the moon God), The in charge of the waters (Varuna or Hyapampathi)
Pitaro Vasavaha Sadhyah Ashwinau Marutho Manuhu
Vayurvagnihi Prajaprana Ruthukartha Prabhakaraha (9)
The one who is indeed the Pitaro (Ancestral manes), eight Vasava’s (givers of treasures), Sandhyas (semidivine yoginis), Ashwini devas (the physicians of celestials), Marutas (deities of storm), Manu (progenitor of human race)
Vayu (God of wind), Agni (God of fire), Prajaprana (maker of the vital air of sustenance in living beings), Ruthukartha (maker of seasons), Prabhakara (the giver of the light)
Adithyaha Savitha Suryaha Khagaha Pusha Gabhasthiman
Suvarna-sadruso Bhanur Hiranyaretha Divakaraha (10)
The one who is Aditya (Son of Aditi), the creator of universe, Surya (the inspirer of actions of the beings), Khaga (wanderer in sky), Pusha (the one who sustains the earth by initiating rains), the one with rays
O the Lord, who radiates like gold, the luminous one, the one who contains the generative fluid as gold, the Divakara (maker of the day)
Harid-ashwaha Sahasrarchi saptha sapthir marichimaan
Timiron-madhanaha Shambhus twastha marthandako amsuman (11)
With the horses that are in greenish colour, the one radiating with thousand rays, who has seven horses and with great rays
The remover of darkness, bestower of auspiciousness, mitigator of sufferings, who is Marthanda, the reinfuser of creation, the omnipresent as his rays that penetrate everywhere
Hiranyagarbhaha sisirasthapano bhaskaro ravihi
Agni gharbho aditheh putraha sagkahaha sisiranasanaha (12)
The primordial one who became the Trinity, the remover of tapa or affliction, who brings warmth, the maker of the day and the one praised by all
O the one who have fire in his womb, the son of Aditi, the calming one and the remover of snow
Vyomanathas-thamobhedhihi rugyajuhu samaparagaha
Ghana vrushthir apam-mitro vindhya veedhee-plavangamaha (13)
O The Lord of aether, dispeller of Rahu or darkness, the one with par excellence in Vedas
By whom the great rains dispense, a friend to the waters (as the rays bring life and purifies waters), The one who move fast in the sky.
Aathapi mandali mruthyuhu pingalaha sarvatapanaha
Kavirshwo mahatejau rakthaha sarva bhavodbhavaha (14)
Who is with his forms that are intensely absorbed, inflictor of death to the wicked, who is red in colour, desired by all the beings
The one who is a great scholar, runs the worlds with great radiance, who affectionate all and acts as the starting place to the next generation or action
Nakshatra graha taranamadhipo vishwabhavanaha
Tejasamapi Tejaswi dwadasatmanna namosthuthe (15)
He is the Lord of Stars, planets and constellations, who simulates everything in universe
He who is resplendently illuminous with the illuminati of all, the one with twelve forms, I bow to you
Namah purvaya giraye paschimayadraye namaha
Jyothirganam pathaye dinadhipathaye namaha (16)
Salutations to the deity of the eastern mountain (indicating the Sun rising), and of the western mountain (where the Sun sets).
O the Lord of stellar bodies, Lord of the day, I bow to you
Jayaya jaya bhadraya haryashwaya namonamaha
Namo namaha sahasramso adityaya namo namaha (17)
O the one who gives victory, the bestower of victory along with protection, the one with green coloured horses, my salutations to you
My salutations to the one with thousand rays, O God Adithya I bow to you.
Namah ugraya veeraya sarangaya namo namaha
Namah padmaprabhodhaya marthandaya namo namaha (18)
Salutations to you, who is terrible to wicked, who ably powers in achieving things, the one who travels fast, I bow to you
My salutations to the one who makes the lotuses blossom, who is the Mardanda surya, I bow to you
Brahmaesanatchyuthesaya suryaya-aditya varchase
Bhasvathe sarva bhakshaya raudraya vapushe namaha (19)
The one with the form of Brahma , Eeshana (Shiva) and Atchyutha (Vishnu), O the Surya, the one radiating in the Aditya rupa
O the illuminating one, devourer of all, the one with the body like that of Rudra, I bow to you
Tamognaya himaghnaya shatrughnaya mitatminae
Kruthaghanghnaya devaya jothisham pataye namaha (20)
He who dispels the darkness, destroyer of snow, remover of the enemies, whose extent is immeasurable
The Lord of all, who is the annihilator of the ungreatful ones, the in charge of the stellar bodies, I bow to you
Taptha chamekarabhaya vahnaye viswakarmane
Namasthe moabhinighnaya ruchaye lokasakshine (21)
The one who has radiance like that of a melted gold, the transcendental fire of divine knowledge, the maker of the universe
I prostrate to you, the remover of darkness, the illuminating one, the witness of all the happenings in the lokas
Nasayathyesha vai bhutham tadeva srujathi prabhuhu
Payatyesha tapatyesha varshatyesha gabhasthibhihi (22)
He is the one who destroys the universe at the end and he is the one who reinitiates the creation of the same
The one who with his rays dry’s the water bodies, consumes the water, and brings them back as rains.
Esha suptheshu jagarthi bhutheshu parinishtithaha
Esha chaivagnihothram cha phalam chaivagni hothrinaam (23)
O the one who lives in all the beings keeping them awake even when they are asleep
Who is Agnihotram himself and also the fruit thereof achieved by the worshippers of the Agnihotram
devascha krathavaschaiva krathunam phalamevacha
Yani kruthyani lokeshu sarva esha ravihi prabhuhu (24)
He is indeed the Lord in all actions, who is the essence underlying a krathu and the fruit achieved thereof, O the one who is the supreme
Who is indeed a fulfiller of all the works in all the worlds, the supreme Lord Ravi (I bow to you)
Enamapatsu krucchreshu kanthireshu bhayeshu cha
Keerthiyan purushaha kaschinnavasidathi raghva (25)
O Rama the one who recites this hymn will be protected during their difficult situations and times, at the forts, and during the times of fear
Such ones who praise the glory of the Sun God will never be defeated.
Puja yaswaina mekagro devadevam jagathpitham
Etatri gunitham japthva yuddheshu vijayishyasi (26)
Devoting with utmost concentration on almighty of the universe, the Lord of all the Lords
And reciting this divine hymn three times a day one will come out victorious in the battle
Asmin kshane mahabahau Ravanam twam vadhishyasi
Eevamukthvya tada agasthyo jagamacha yadhagatham (27)
Within this second, O’ Rama, Mahabaahu (one with great shoulders) you will destroy Ravana
Thus spoke sage Agastya and then leaves his way
Ethacchrutva mahateja nasta soko abhavattada
Dharayamasa supreetho raghavaha prayatatmavaan (28)
Listening to this hymn, Lord Rama with great radiance comes out of the deep sorrow
And then invokes this mantra with great courage
Adithyam prekshye japtwathu param harsha mavapthaman
Trirachamya suchirbhuthya dhanuradaya veeryavan (29)
Lord Rama, on seeing Aditya Bhagavan and obtaining his blessing feels very happy
Later on doing the Achamanam three times thus becomes pure and then picks his mighty bow
Ravanam prekshya hrusthatma yuddhaya samupagatam
Sarvayatnena mahata vadhe tasya drutho abhavath (30)
On seeing Ravana coming to fight, Rama then feels calm and smiles peacefully
With all his efforts Rama finally determines to kill him (Ravana)
Adhah ravi vadan nireekhya ramam
Muditamanah paramam prahrushya manaha
Nisicharapati samkshayam vidhithva
Suragana madhyagatho vachasthvarethi (31)
After that (on seeing the determination of Rama), Lord Ravi with a delighted heart became highly astonished
Further on understanding that the Ravanas future is coming to an end, Lord Surya stood in the middle of the Deva ganas and insisted Rama to be quick.
Ithi Aditya hrudayam
Thus ends the Aditya hrudayam
Aditya Hrudayam Benefits
The benefits of chanting Aditya hrudayam stotram is countless. However, to mention some from the Phalstuti part and the stotram, it mainly helps you to be victorious in your works by the bliss of God Surya.
This stotram can ward off the fears and brings courage in oneself at the same time removing the enemies from your path.
Reciting this hymn can also uplifted you during difficult situations as well as from deep sorrow.
The other Aditya hrudayam benefits are it can help the devotee to mediate on the Sun God and makes them closer to the Gods abode.
When to Chant Aditya Hrudayam Stotram
There are no restrictions on when to chant this stotram. But several devotees has a habit of chanting this stotram three times a day or at least once in a day during the mornings.
However, during the important days of Sun God like Sundays and on Ratha Saptami, Sankranthi, or Pongal festivals it is the quintessential stotram, which is dedicated to God Aditya.